FICO - The First Step to Home Ownership
You might think that the home buying process starts with getting pre-approved by a lender or with choosing a real estate agent. The quality of your wallet starts the home buying process. To propel your dreams of homeownership forward, you must consider your FICO score along with the type of loan for which you'll qualify in the Edmond/OKC Metro area.
The Fair Isaac Company bases your FICO score on the summary of your complete credit history. The score ranges from 300 to 850, with the majority of people normally having a score of 600. However, since we've experienced an economic downturn, some people have seen their score drop dramatically because of job loss, charged off credit card accounts, or credit card accounts terminated because the card didn't carry a high balance. Some of the factors in reviewing your FICO score are:
- Types of Credit — Do you have a healthy mix of credit cards and loans?
- Payment History — Do you pay your bills on time every month?
- Credit to Debt Ratio — How much do you owe versus your available credit?
- Credit Inquiries — Do you have too many open accounts?
In reviewing your credit history, you'll discover that you actually have three reports. Experian, Equifax and TransUnion — three of the major credit reporting agencies — use a slightly different models to calculate your credit rating. FICO is used by Experian. Equifax's model is called BEACON and TransUnion uses EMPIRICA. You have a credit score with all of the bureaus.
When you apply for a mortgage or any other loan, lenders want to make sure that extending a loan to you isn't a problem. Your FICO score gives lenders an insight into what type of borrower you'll be based solely on your credit history. You'll need a score of at least 700 to get an acceptable interest rate. You can qualify for a loan with a lower score, but the interest accumulated over the life of the loan could be more than double that of an individual having a better FICO score.
Contact us at 818-3808, email at firstname.lastname@example.org or fill out the form below and we can connect you with a lender who can help you with this part of your loan process.
You want a higher score, but how do you get it? Improving your FICO score takes time. It can be hard to make a significant change in your number with quick fixes, but your score can improve in a year or two by keeping tabs your credit report and by using your credit wisely. The best way to do this is to know your FICO score. You'll improve your credit score by using these pointers:
- Apply for gas cards or department store credit. For those who have non-existent credit or low credit, chain store credit cards and gas credit cards are ways to get credit, increase your credit limits and have a solid payment history, which will raise your FICO score. You must always avoid maintaining a high balance for too long because these types of cards normally have a surprisingly high interest rate.
- Keep your cards in rotation. Whether you have older cards, or are just getting started with credit, use your cards so that your accounts stay active. But, pay them off in one or two payments.
- Keep up with payments. Your FICO score plummets with every account that goes to collections. It's where people who have recently experienced job loss see the biggest dip in their credit score. Yes, it takes longer to build up your credit this way, but it's the surest way to prove that you're responsible enough to make payments to a bank.
- Correct your credit report. If you find mistakes on your credit report, write to the bureau requesting that the item be removed. If you have a common name or the same name as a family member, you'll want to pay extra attention to make sure the activity reported is correct.
- Spread your debt around. At first, this doesn't seem like a good idea. But, you don't want to have one card that is at the maximum and have your remaining cards at a zero balance. It's better to have each of your cards at about less than 40% of their credit limit than to have the bulk of your debt transferred to a single card.
Now that you're more informed about credit reporting, you'll be able to successfully take the first steps to home ownership, and that is improving your FICO score. Know that when you're ready to apply for a loan to purchase a house, you'll want to keep your lender applications within a two-week window to avoid a negative mark on your credit score. With the help of Churchill-Brown, shopping for a mortgage is sure to go more smoothly so you, too, can become a homeowner.
To learn more, visit www.myFICO.com, Fair Isaac's informational site and once per year, for free, you can review all three of your credit reports at www.annualcreditreport.com. And, for a small payment, you can get your FICO score from each bureau on their websites: www.equifax.com, www.experian.com and www.transunion.com.
If needed, we can help you settle into home ownership with the right lender for you. E-mail us at email@example.com or call 405-818-3808 for additional information.